Delimitation of the continent
The cradle of humanity is separated from Europe on its northern part by the Mediterranean Sea and is connected to Asia on its northeastern end by the Isthmus of Suez..
The northeast shore is bordered by the Red Sea, the southeast by the Indian Ocean, while the western coast is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean.
The coastline is not not so indented on the eastern and western flanks, but more jagged on the tip of South Africa between Cape Town and Port Elizabeth.
The most southern relief of the African continent is the demarcation point between the Indian and Atlantic oceans, on the tip of the Agulhas Cape and the Southern Sea.
The climate in Africa
A paradise of biodiversity, Africa is crossed in its middle by the equator, sprinkled by a humid and hot tropical climate.
Tropical areas have a climate that can change from a warm and humid tropical climate to a desert climate as in the Sahara and the Horn of Africa.
There are four types of climate: warm and humid equatorial, humid tropical in the tropics, dry tropical in the interior of the continent which escapes the influence of the oceans and the Mediterranean, mainly in the Maghreb countries and the Cape region.
Overall, the hot climates are predominant and the northern part is more affected by aridity and high temperatures.