The Arctic is a permanently frozen ocean, situated at the North Pole, bordered by 8 countries, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, Alaska (USA), Canada, Greenland (Denmark) and Iceland, which form the Arctic Council and include the Lappish Sámi communities and the Nunangat Inuit territories.
The climate in the Arctic
The polar climate is characteristic of the Arctic regions and is marked by very low year-round ambient temperature. The ocean is almost always frozen and forms the ice pack which detaches and drifts away under the effect of the heat. The sun is present 24 hours a day for six months in the summer and the rest of the year at night. On average, the temperature oscillates between -40° and +10°.